Job Task/Competency Analysis


The purpose of the Job TaskAnalysis (JTA) or Competency Analysis is to identify the relevant knowledge, skills, abilities and judgments for a specific content domain. The analysis ensures adequate and accurate coverage all content as defined by the overall scope of the test. Conversely, it also ensures the exclusion of any content deemed irrelevant. This analysis provides the fundamentals basis for validity of the pass/fail decisions of a test. The final output is made up of key testing objectives that state the desired competency, the required proficiency, and what will be accepted as evidence of the examinee’s sufficient mastery of core competencies.

How is a Job Task Analysis Performed?

The JTA is conducted in either a face-to-face or virtual workshop setting with six to 12 Subject Matter Experts (SMEs). The workshop usually requires 2-3 days of meetings, SME group input and discussion, and documentation.

What outcomes should you expect from a Job Task Analysis?

The final report of a JTA workshop normally includes:

  1. Test definition documents
    1. Purpose of the exam
    2. Description of intended audience
    3. Definition of the minimally-competent candidate
  2. Section headings
  3. Testing objectives
  4. Documentation of the meeting, including BIOs of attendees, location and date of meeting, decisions, relevant background documentation.

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